Chester is a genuine Roman city, built four-square, within walls, which remain to this day.
This is a very ancient town, famous as being the site of the conflict between Penda and Oswald in 642, when the latter lost his life. It took its name from this circumstance. Its early importance may be gathered from a description given of it by a Welsh poet of the 15th century, who describes it as
the London of Powis–and Churchyard apostrophizes it as
a prettie towne, full fine. There are but few fragments of the castle left, but these are interesting from the fact that here the Duke of Hereford (Henry IV.) and the Duke of Norfolk met to settle the dispute between them. The church is a large and handsome building. It is of great antiquity.
Oswestry stands upon higher ground than any other town in Shropshire. The country for several miles round is delightfully varied with hills, vales, wood, and water, and abounds in rich scenery.
Any tourist making one of the inns in this town his head quarters for several days in fine weather, would find much worth his notice in the neighbourhood.
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This fine old capital of Shropshire, and parliamentary town, is 42 miles beyond Birmingham, 161¾ miles from London by the North Western (or 171 via Birmingham), and 171 by the Great Western.
The situation of this town from a distance is very imposing, lying as it does on the side of a rocky eminence, the top of which is crowned with the ruins of a castle founded in the reign of Edward I.