This old capital of the “Pale.” or limit of English authority, was founded by Strongbow 1172, and is now the chief town of Kilkenny county, on the river Nore, which is crossed by two bridges uniting it to Irishtown on the east side.
This place has a population of 3,673, engaged in the flax trade, and contains remains of an old castle, founded in 1560, ruins of an old church, and raths. Markets are held here on Thursdays; and Fairs January 1st, February 24th, March 25th, May 12th, July 5th, September 4th, October 26th, and December 12th.
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