Carmarthen is the capital of Carmarthenshire on the South Wales Railway, and the river Towey, with a population of 9,993. It is one of the most healthy towns, and commands a view of one of the finest vales in the principality.
Here passengers change carriages for Swansea two miles distant. The view they obtain here of the valley down to Swansea is very striking. If at night, the lurid glare from countless coke ovens – if by day, the dense clouds proceeding from hundreds of chimney stalks overhanging the valley, and at all times, the arsenical sulphurous vapour rilling the air and which you may both smell and taste, give the scene a character scarcely to be seen elsewhere.
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This is a small decayed borough, having a population of about 1,652, engaged principally as tin-workers.