Redruth, is a market town, in the county of Cornwall. It consists of one long street, from which branch several smaller ones.
The first station we pass is Chacewater, where we cross the valley by means of a lofty wooden viaduct, Scorrier Gate station next succeeds, and with all the mixed desolate and wild appearances, always allied to mining districts, such as heaps of debris of abandoned mines, the remains of engine houses, and chimney shafts tottering to their fall, we arrive at
One of the most nourishing little towns in Cornwall. There are quays affording accommodation for vessels of 300 tons burthen.
Passing along the lower end of the Hayle estuary, we arrive at the station of St. Ives Road, near the village of St. Erth, about three miles from which is
With a population of 10,353, chiefly depending on the coasting trade and pilchard fishery.
Proceeding on our way from Marazion Road, winding round the margin of this beautiful bay, we soon arrive at
This flourishing port is at the farther end of Cornwall, on the west side of Mount’s Bay, at the terminus of the West Cornwall Railway.
Coast Route from Penzance to Bude
In returning the traveller will do well to follow the north coast of the comity to Bude, a route affording more enjoyment than the one through the centre to Launceston, but certainly one of more difficulty. Reaching St. Agnes, from the Redruth station, we find a peculiar-looking hill, 621 feet high, called St. Agnes Beacon (Opie, the painter, was a native), proceeding past which, by way of the sands and Cliggor Head, we come to Piran Sands, or Perranzabuloe, where may be seen an amphitheatre, and the remains of an old church of St. Piran, an ancient British edifice, which had been covered by the shifting sands for many centuries. The discovery gave rise to Mr. Trelawney’s work, the “Lost Church Found,” in which he shows what the primitive English church was before corrupted by Popery. This and other parishes were named from the famous St. Piran, the patron of tinners.
We can now proceed to St. Columb Major, which has a spacious early cross, church, and some ancient buildings, In the vicinity is Rialton Priory, founded by Pinor Vivian, a picturesque ruin. To the south is a fine earthwork, in a lofty situation, called King Arthur’s Castle, or Castle-an-Dinas. Thence by Mawgan in the beautiful vale of Lanherne, where there is a fine old church, with some monuments and brasses, and a beautiful church-yard cross, Lanherne Nunnery, still inhabited by its recluses, in the neighbourhood – a most beautiful part of the coast this from Mawgan Point, by Trevose Head, to Padstow. Prideaux Castle, or Place House, a fine Tudor building, close by. Crossing the ferry here we may see more churches half buried in sand.
We may now proceed to Camelford, a very ancient town, near which are the celebrated slate quarries of Delabole, belonging to the Trevanion family. Four miles north is Bossiney and the old castle of Tintagel, situated on a stupendous crag, washed by the ever-fretful waves of the Atlantic. As the palace and home of the renowned Arthur, we cannot but look on the deserted wails with a degree of enthusiasm. Cadon Barrow, near, is 1,011 feet high. A wild and picturesque road leads to Boscastle, or Bottreaux Castle, with the remains of its old castle, and some ecclesiastical buildings. From this place we pass St. Gennis and Poundstock to
Bude–a small port and picturesque village in the north-eastern extremity of Cornwall – has, within the last half-dozen years, risen to the dignity of a fashionable marine resort, to which distinction the excellent facilities it affords to bathers, and the picturesque scenery of its environs, have in a great measure contributed. The bed of the harbour, which is dry at low water, is composed of a fine bright yellow sand, chiefly consisting of small shells. The sea view is of a striking, bold, and sublime description – the rocks rising on every side to lofty broken elevations; and those who desire a sequestered and romantic retreat will find in Bude the very object of their wish. The Bude Canal was commenced in 1819, and completed in 1826, at a cost of £128,000. It terminates within three miles of Launceston, forming an internal communication through Devon and Cornwall of nearly forty miles. Bude is fifty-two miles from Exeter.
At Stratton, two miles further, a severe battle was fought between the Earl of Stamford and the parliamentarians, and the royalists, under Sir Ralph Hopton. The remains of the ancient castle of Bimomy and Kilhampton Norman church are at hand.
Instead of proceeding to Bude as above, the traveller may, if he choose, when at Wadebridge, continue his course through Bodmin to Launceston, but the route has not much interest until the high tors, Rough Tor and Brown Willy, rise above the desolate and lonely moors around. From the village of Temple a stout walker may visit many interesting localities and romantic scenes, the huge peaks here rising to 1,000 and 1,300 feet high; or he may turn to the right and see Dozmeri Pool, the Cheesewring, and the Hurlers, regaining the road by the Fowey river. Which way, however, he may take, he will find new beauties and new scenes to interest and astonish him, but which the space at our disposal will not allow us to enter upon.
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